YARP  2.3.68+220-20170323.2+git4955ef0
Yet Another Robot Platform
YARP ports from your browser
Author
Paul Fitzpatrick

YARP ports process HTTP requests with a default interface suitable for viewing their status, receiving bottle-compatible messages, and writing bottle-compatible streams. This is not a general purpose web-server, or something you'd expose to the general public on the internet. HTTP service comes is implemented by the http carrier; for other carriers, see Configuring YARP Connections.

Index page

To form the URL for a yarp port /PORT, we need to know the IP address of the machine it lives on, and the (socket) port number it listens to. One way to get this information is with yarp name query -

yarp name query /PORT

For example, let's look at the YARP name server's port, by default called /root (or whatever "yarp namespace" reports). For me, that is reported to be here:

registration name /root ip 192.168.1.3 port 10000 type tcp

Then the URL we need to reach this port is:

http://192.168.1.3:10000

Visiting that address in a browser, I see something like this:

yarp port /root
(All ports)   (connections)   (help)   (read)
This is /root at tcp://192.168.1.3:10000
There are no outgoing connections
There is an input connection from web to /root using http

This is the index page for that port, and it reports information analogous to that given by yarp ping. You can view this page for any YARP port.

Sending data

You can send data to a port by appending w?data=... to its base URL. For example:

http://192.168.1.3:10000/w?data=list

For my case, that will send a bottle containing the string "list" to the name server, which will respond with a list of all ports.

Or, if I could send a vector of three floating point numbers 10.0, 30.0, and 40.0 to a port called /adder by finding its address and port number, then visiting:

http://.../w?data=10.0+30.0+40.0

The format of the data parameter is regular Bottle text format (the "+" symbol is URL encoding for the space character).

Receiving (low-bandwidth) data

Viewing data sent by a port is done by visiting:

http://.../r

This will sit and wait for messages and render them as Bottle text format. For example, doing:

yarpdev --device test_motor --name /motor

Gives a vector stream at port /motor/state:o. Finding its URL and then visiting "http://.../r" gives:

yarp port /motor/state:o
(All ports)   (connections)   (help)   (read)
Reading data from port...
0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
...

Buffering behavior varies from browser to browser - YARP does its best to flush data in a timely fashion but you may have to try different browsers or browser settings to get good results.

Viewing images in a browser

Image streams can be viewed in the browser if the mjpeg carrier has been enabled.

For example, doing:

yarpdev --device test_grabber --name /grabber --framerate 5

We can now view the /grabber port image output at the following URL:

http://.../?action=stream

and see the image in any browser that understands MJPEG streams (firefox and chrome for sure).

We can also visit:

http://.../r

as before, but that will give images in text format, which is slow and not very helpful...

For the record, the mjpeg carrier currently intercepts any URLs of the form "http://.../?ac". Other URLs are handled by the default http carrier.

Custom content

If you do succumb to the temptation to make a mini-webserver, YARP >= 2.3.15 will help you a little. Requests that don't match the patterns above are passed on to the port in bottle-compatible format; you may simply reply to them to generate a custom webpage. See the example web/web_test.cpp. Be aware that this is a new feature of YARP that is not yet nailed down, so you may need to change your code when using the next version of YARP.

/*
* Copyright: (C) 2012 IITRBCS
* Author: Paul Fitzpatrick
* CopyPolicy: Released under the terms of the LGPLv2.1 or later, see LGPL.TXT
*/
#include <yarp/os/all.h>
using namespace yarp::os;
class Responder : public PortReader {
public:
ConstString getCss() {
return "\n\
body { background: black; color: white; } \n\
h1 { font-size: 300%; color: yellow; } \n\
div { padding-bottom: 10px; } \n\
";
}
virtual bool read(ConnectionReader& in) {
Bottle request, response;
if (!request.read(in)) return false;
printf("Request: %s\n", request.toString().c_str());
if (out==NULL) return true;
response.addString("web");
ConstString code = request.get(0).asString();
if (code=="css") {
response.addString(getCss());
response.addString("mime");
response.addString("text/css");
return response.write(*out);
}
ConstString prefix = "<html>\n<head>\n<title>YARP web test</title>\n";
prefix += "<link href=\"/css\" media=\"screen\" rel=\"stylesheet\" type=\"text/css\" />\n";
prefix += "</head>\n<body>\n";
if (code=="push") {
prefix += "<h1>Potato count</h1>\n";
prefix += "<div>(<a href='/test'>back</a>)</div>\n";
response.addString(prefix);
response.addString("stream");
response.addInt(1);
return response.write(*out);
}
ConstString postfix = "</body>\n</html>";
ConstString txt = prefix;
txt += ConstString("<h1>") + code + "</h1>\n";
txt += "<div>Is this working for you? <a href='/yes'>yes</a> <a href='/no'>no</a></div>\n";
if (!request.check("day")) {
txt += "<div>By the way, what day is it?</div>\n<form><input type='text' id='day' name='day' value='Sunday' /><input type='submit' value='tell me' /></form>\n";
} else {
txt += ConstString("<div>So today is ") + request.find("day").asString() + ", is it? Hmm. I don't think I'm going to bother remembering that.</div>\n";
}
txt += "<div><a href='/push'>How many potatoes?</a> (streaming example)</div>\n";
txt += postfix;
response.addString(txt);
return response.write(*out);
}
};
int main(int argc, char *argv[]) {
Property options;
options.fromCommand(argc,argv);
ConstString name = options.check("name",Value("/web")).asString();
int port_number = options.check("p",Value(0)).asInt();
Network yarp;
Port server;
Responder responder;
server.setReader(responder);
Contact(name);
if (port_number!=0) {
contact.setSocket("", "", port_number);
}
if (!server.open(contact)) return 1;
contact = server.where();
int at = 0;
while (true) {
if (at%10==0) {
printf("Server running, count at %d, visit: http://%s:%d/test\n",
at,
contact.getHost().c_str(),
contact.getPort());
}
Bottle push;
push.addString("web");
" potatoes</div>";
push.addString(div);
server.write(push);
at++;
}
return 0;
}